Union territory is a separate administrative division. India has a list UT’s that have been created for some specific reasons. There are some differences between UT and state. To govern the UT’s the Indian government usually hires an administrator. In India you would find seven UT’s among which Delhi is one and also Chandigarh which is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.
Indian Union Territories
Union territories are not states they differ from the states. These areas are too small to form a state. When such an area comes to notice, usually the government turns the area into a part of another state. However, when it comes to UT, the uniqueness of the area restricts the government from making it a part of another state. This is the reason, the UT’s are created.
Differences between a State and Union Territory
In India you would find 28 states and 7 union territories. The states have many historical links which make them unique. Also, each state has its own government that rule the area. Union Territories are separate divisions that don’t have their own set of government. UT’s get ruled by the central government itself.
It is the president of the country who appoints the administrator who takes the responsibility of ruling the UT’s. These were known as the chief commissioner province before India got independent. The government of India act came to effect in the year of 1937. This act divided the provinces into three different segments – states, chief commissioner provinces and governor’s provinces.
The act also stated that only the chief commissioner’s provinces would be ruled from the central government.
States regardless of the location, have unique set of elected government. The states enjoy being basis linguistic. Usually it is the language which plays the key role in determining the state. Culture also plays a significant role. Apart from the governing factor, there are small differences between the states and the union territories.
If you look at them by the size, states are much larger in size than the UT’s. the rights and status of the two are different as well. While states have normal rights and status, UT’s enjoy special rights and status because of the formation of the areas.
7 Union Territories of INDIA
Andaman And Nicobar Islands
- Capital of Andaman And Nicobar islands is Port Blain and is governed by Prof. Jagadish Mukhi, Lieutenant Governor.
- Capital of Chandigarh is Chandigarh itself and is under Shri V. P. Singh Badnore, Administrator.
Dadra Nagar Haveli
- Silvassa is the capital of Dadra Nagar Haveli and is administered by Shri Praful Patel.
Daman And Diu
- Capital of Daman and Diu is Daman and it is also administered along with Dadra Nagar Haveli by Shri Praful Patel.
- Shri Farook Khan, Retired Indian Police Service(IPS) is the administrator of Lakshadweep, and the capital is Karavatti.
National Capital Territory of Delhi
- With Delhi as the capital city, it is under the governance of Shri Anil Baijal.
- Kiran Bedi, Retired Indian Police Service(IPS) is the administrator of Puducherry, and the capital is Pondicherry.
How Legislative Assemblies of UT formed
The legislative assembly is formed with maximum 500 members. The biggest state of the country which is Utter Pradesh has 403 members. The member of legislative assembly or Member of Legislative Assembly gets elected by voting. To be eligible for the position one has to be a citizen of the country. The person needs to be more than 25 years of age. No one can become the member of legislative assembly and legislative council at the same time.
Indian Union Territories
The term of the assembly continues for a stretch of five years. The term might get over earlier than that. However, for that to happen, the Chief Minister must request to the governor. In the emergency cases, the term might get extended. However, the term does not get extended more than six years even if the emergency situation continues.
The legislative assembly plays a significant role in lawmaking. You would get to know more about it and the UT’s if you explore deeper. The legislative assembly is a vast concept and you need to study it properly to know more about it.
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