Sultanpur National Park is about 15 kilometers from Gurgaon in Haryana, India. It was earlier called Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary.
Since it is quite near the Capital city of New Delhi, it is easily accessible from Gurgaon, Faridabad and Noida and is a great attraction for the weekend crowds.
Sultanpur National Park
The Sultanpur National Park is named after Rajput Chauhan Sultan Singh. The idea and inception of this park began many suns ago when the International Union and Natural resources conference (IUCN)took place at Delhi in the year 1969.
The prospects of developing the wetland called Sultanpur Jheel made the lawmakers turn this wetland, with a surface area of approximately 1.21 sqkm, into a bird sanctuary in the year 1971.
Again in 1991 it was made into a national park annexing Sadharna, Sultanpur , Chandu and Saidpur village and the area of 1.42 sqkm.
Bird Population in Sultanpur
There are more than 250 diverse birds found in this national park. Some are resident birds others migrate from as far as Afghanistan, Europe, even Siberia.
These include Black Francolin, Spot billed duck, Gray francolin, Cattle Egret, India Crested Lark, Red vented Bulbul, White-throated Kingfisher, Eurasian Thick-Knee, Common Hoopoe, Paddyfield Pipit, Spotted owlet, Common Mynah, Green Bee-eater, Greater Coucal, Bank Mynah, Weaver bird, Red collared Dove, Laughing Dove, Rock pigeon, Cattle Egret, Magpie robin, Black headed Ibis, Painted stork, Red wattle Lapwing, Indian Roller little cormorant and Shikra.
Harsh winters in places like Siberia drive birds like Siberian cranes, greater flamingo, common teal, night heron, black-tailed godwit, wood sandpiper, common greenshank, northern pintail, rosy pelican, white wagtail, Starling, yellow wag tail ruff and Black winged stilt to move to warmer climes like Sultanpur. Winters at Sultanpur are less harsh than Siberia and so these birds create a various hues in winter here.
The Summers of Sultanpur welcome migratory birds like Asian Koel, Indian golden oriole, knob-billed duck and great heron.
Few animals like Neelgai and blackbuck are found in this park.
As far as flora is concerned, the Haryana Government has planted Acacia, ficus spp Nilotica, Neem, Berberis and Acacia tortilis where the birds like to roost.
This park was previously called Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary due to number of birds present here. Most tourists are bird watchers and the best time to watch birds are in the winter during the migratory season. The months preferred are December to January.
The whole park can be surveyed on foot in one and half hours.
How to Reach
Sultanpur National Park is 40 kms form Delhi, and 15 kms form Gurgaon.
You can take a flight to the nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi Airport at Delhi. From here travel 35 kms by taxi or bus to the park.
Metro trains run from Delhi to HUDA city centre Gurgoan from whence taxi or local transports will take you to Sultanpur National Park in a short time
The nearest railway station is Garhi harsaru which falls on the Delhi – Rewari Railway station.
Facilities at the Park
The local government has been taking development works at Sultanpur national park to improve tourism. Mounds construction, path-widening, toilet facilities and construction of tube wells for water have been completed in the park. Also four different watchtowers have been installed for bird watchers.
There is an education and interpretation centre, films, library, Binoculars and slides which tourists can use. Room full of Dr.Salim Ali memorabilia like photos, write ups etc are kept for tourist information. Children’s park and guest rooms for overnight stay are also available. Timings for the park is 7am to 4.30 pm. Park has a holiday on Tuesdays. More information can be had from Divisional Wildlife Office Gurgaon.
The trees which the birds prefer to roost have also been planted. These are more programmes have been taken in the right direction. The aim is to protect birds in their natural environment even while increasing tourism to benefit the exchequer.
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