Peninsular Rivers in India include the Tapi or Tapti, Narmada, Cauvery, Krishna, Godavari and Mahanadi. These peninsular rivers carry both cultural and religious significances in the lives of the people of India. The five important river systems sap the peninsular Indian River Systems and they are mentioned below
Peninsular River System of India
The 2 superseding forcible checks that influence the Peninsular Indain river Systems are the weather and geography of Peninsular India. By influencing the territory’s soil and flora, the geography and weather become 2 significant deciding components of the sedimentological natures and the complete procedure of silting, soil corrosion and the transfer factors in every catchment area of the river. The flat terrain’s spare flora has many dissimilarities with the reasonably abundant flora of river basins.
Peninsular rivers of India are as follows
Below here is the brief accounts of the peninsular rivers of India.
- During the monsoon months, the Cauvery river valley’s weather is controlled by the rains.
- Due to the northeast monsoon, the greater part of the yearly rainfall is caused.
- The catchment area’s northwestern part features a perhumid weather, which passes to the east into arid sub humid, semi-dry, humid and moist sub-humid areas.
- The catchment area’s geography is created primarily from Precambrian stones, which are mostly Charnockites (Krishnan, 1968), Closepet Granite, Dharwars and Peninsular granitic Gneiss.
- The metamorphic stones of Dharwars are formed from schists, biotite, phyllites, slates with hornblende, kyanite, sillimanite, garnet, staurolite and chlorite.
- There are greenstones and quartzite along with these stones. The catchment area’s upper levels feature the Closepet Granite.
- This is a pink colored granite that consists of zircon, seasonal fluorite, rutile, apatite, subordinate hornblende, biotite, microcline, perthite, quartz and plagioclase in large amounts.
- The peninsular granites and gneisses contain pegmatite, granodiorite, diorite, biotite granitic gneiss and hornblende granitic gneiss adamellite on the significant portion of Cauvery River Valley.
- The Charnockites are found in the Nilgiri Mountain Range. The Charnockites comprise pyroxene – hypersthene granulites, gabbros and olivine norites.
- The Cretaceous deposits are seen in the shoreline areas. They are made up of shale, conglomeratic sandstone and coralline limestone.
- The Hindus consider Cauvery as a holy river.
- The length of this river is 765 kms.
- In South India, the Godavari is the biggest and longest river.
- The other name for this river is Dakshina Ganga. Its origin is in the Nashik District of Maharashtra.
- Around the year, the weather of the catchment area of the Godavari River remains extremely humid.
- With a yearly mean precipitation of 1,042 mm, the delta territory is semidry. in the month of May, the highest temperature (37.3°C) has been recorded.
- With an average daily lowest temperature of 19.2°C and an average daily maximum temperature of 26.9°C, January is recorded as the coolest month.
- The Godavari catchment area’s higher levels are surrounded by the Deccan Traps. It is made up of minerals like chlorite, rutile, apatite, biotite, zircon, magnetite, epidote, diopside, enstatite, hypersthene and augite.
- The valley’s central portion is predominantly covered by the Cuddapah and Vindhyan metasediments along with the Gondwana Cluster stones. The Cuddapahs and Vindhyan comprise of conglomerates, shales, limestones, quartzites and granites.
- In the north, the Mahanadi River basin’s weather mostly features a subtropical weather.
- In the summer months, the average temperature is approximately 29°C.
- In the winter months, the average temperature is approximately 21°C.
- During the months from July to September, most of the rainfall takes place.
- The rainfall is below 50 mm in the months of January and February.
- In Eastern India, the Mahanadi is a major river.
- The length of this river is 900 kms.
- It traverses the states like Jharkhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh.
In South India, the Krishna is one of the major rivers. Krishnaveni is the other name for this river. It traverses the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. The tributaries of the Krishna River are mentioned below
Karnataka and Maharashtra
The weather of the Krishna river’s catchment area is controlled by southwest monsoon. In the complete area, the majority of rainfall is due to this monsoon. At Vijayawada, in the months of April to May, low water levels are noticed and in the months of August to November, high water levels are noticed. In the northwestern region, the Deccan Traps control the catchment area’s geographical features.
- In Western India, the Narmada is one of the most beautiful rivers.
- Its source is in the Amarkantak Hill. Rewa is the other name for this river.
- In India, it is the fifth largest river.
- Narmada passes across the Satpura and Vindhya mountain ranges.
- This river’s catchment areas are spread out in states such as Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
- This river has a high religious significance.
- The Tapti or Tapi river is one of the major peninsular rivers of India.
- Its place of origin is in the East Satpura Mountain Ranges, in South Madhya Pradesh.
- Tapti traverses the Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra states of India.
- On the banks of the Tapi river, there are a number of tourist attractions.
Peninsular Rivers are Fed by Rain Mostly
- The rivers on the Indian peninsular terrain are fed by rain mostly.
- Their discharge is decreased significantly at the time of summer.
- Few tributaries of these peninsular rivers even get dehydrated. in the peninsula, the Godavari river’s catchment area is the largest in India.
- Narmada is one of the most sacred rivers of India.
- The Tapti and Narmada runs parallely. They pour themselves out in reverse ways. The basin is made resourceful in the fertile soil with these 2 streams.
- Torrents like Sambhar are seasonal in nature mostly and they flow in the saltwater bodies and interior valleys in West Rajasthan.
- Situated in the Rann of Kutch, the Luni is the only river that flows across salty arid region.