The Mudumalai National Park is located in Nilgiri district, Tamilnadu, India. It lies on the northwestern regions of the Nilgiris, sharing its borders with the states of Karnataka and Kerala. This park, spread over an area of 321 km2, has been declared as a tiger reserve in April 2007.
Mudumalai National Park
The park has five divisions viz., Theppakadu, Kargudi, Masinagudi, Nellakota and Mudumalai. Endangered animals like long-billed vulture, Bengal Tiger, Indian elephant, Leopard, white rumped vulture and gaur are found in Mudumalai National park. Both above mentioned Vultures are critically endangered.
Some 350 families have been shifted away from the park to protect the animals in the park.
Mudumalai National Park Flora and Fauna
The Flora here is tropical – moist and dry deciduous and evergreen forests. Variety in terrain is due to higher rains in the west and dry conditions in the east. Bamboos, Tamarind, Rosewood, Teak, Mango, Pipal, Banyan, Plumeria, Rosewood, Indian Labumusum, Solanacea and Ardesia are some of the trees found in these parts. Timber from these parts is very valuable. Wild varieties of rice, cinnamon, guava, turmeric, mango and pepper grow in these forests.
Here multi-coloured Flowers bloom in summer while fruits ripen during the monsoon seasons. Varied hues of this park are the reason tourists come here from far and wide.
Animal diversity in Mudumalai is high; what with 21 amphibian species, 50 fish varieties, 227 bird species, 34 reptile varieties and 55 mammal species living here.
About thirteen percent of mammals and eight percent of species of birds in our country are found here.
Some of the animals in this park are Royal Bengal tiger, red giant flying squirrel, jungle cat, sloth bear, Anteater, striped hyena, Indian elephants, leopard, golden jackal, dhole, Indian leopard, grey langur, Black napped hare, guar, leopard cat, bonnet macaque, Sāmbhar deer, gaur, Chital deer, wild boar, python, krait, Asian pit viper, monitor lizard, flying lizard and spectacled cobra.
The predators like tigers and others exist because there is presence of prey like chital, gaur and Sāmbhar deer in abundance.
As for Avifauna, Mudumalai is blessed with 62 carnivores bird varieties, 110 insect eating bird varieties, 23 fish-feeding bird species,12 bird species that are omnivores and finally 20 bird varieties that feed on grains.
Peacocks, Brown dove, Malabar whistling thrush, spotted babbler, bulbuls, Magpie-robin, goggle eyed plower, red spur fowl, grey Partridge quails, Malabar grey hornbill, mynah, Crescent serpent Eagle, King Vulture, buzzards, falcons, rufous bellied Hawk eagle, Harriers, Large racket-Tailed Drongo, crescent hawk eagle, are some feathered beings in Mudumalai national park.
Other birds include Red spurfowl, Jerdon’s basa, mottled wood owl, minivets, hornbill, Malabar trogon, Alpine swift, Loten’s sunbird, forest wagtal, green imperial pigeon, Indian cuckoo, golden oriole, oriental honey buzzard, cresented goshawk, paradise flycatcher, Besra, golden great black woodpecker, jungle fowl, peafowl, emerald dove, painted spurfowl, blue-winged parakeet, fairy bluebird, grey-bellied cuckoo, chloropsis, crimson-backed sunbird.
How To Reach Mudumalai National Park
Gudalur is the nearest city, 3 kms away on the National Highway 67, to Mudumalai National Park. The distance from some of the major cities nearby are Ooty 39 kms and Mysore – 100kms.
Udagamandalam station is the nearest railway station at a distance of 64 kms. Plenty of taxis ply to and fro from the station to Mudumalai national park.
The Coimbatore junction is the nearest broad gauge railway station.
The next option is taking a flight to Bangalore Airport and travelling some 35.5kms to Mudumalai by road.
Mudumalai National Park Safari Timings
Provisions And Timings
At Mudumalai, you can gape open-wide at the amazing flora and fauna. You can also stay in treetop accommodations, camp, take a village tour, visit the amazing Moyar and Kallatty falls or just take a jungle/Road or Elephant safari that the Park offers.
Safari timings are from 6.00am to 8.00am in the morning and 4.00pm to 6.00 pm in the afternoon. Jungle safari and Road safari services can be utilized at both the timings mentioned and the time taken for the full tour is 2 hours. Elephant safari is only between 6 to 8am the duration is 40 minutes.
Mudumalai Tiger Reserve Accommodation
Hotels and suites are available but booked to the hilt during the tourist season – June to December. So making early reservations is the best thing.
Rock Gardens Holiday Resorts – 1,800/- (1 Room, 2 Adults, 24 Hours)
Greenwoods Nature Camp – 2,500/- (1 Room, 2 Adults, 24 Hours)
Deep Jungle Home – 4,050/- (1 Room, 2 Adults, 24 Hours)
Wilds Northern Hay – 5,700/-(1 Room, 2 Adults, 24 Hours)
Wild Breeze Resort – 3,400/- (1 Room, 2 Adults, 24 Hours)
- Take only small vehicles into the park so the there the noise factor is reduced
- Also keep cell phones on a silent mode
- Mornings and evenings are the best times to spot animals as most animals do not come out in the heat.
- Avoid flashy clothes or strong deodorants while travelling in the park as these drives animals away.
- If you are travelling by bus take the front or back seat for proper view. Take a good guide with you and keep scanning for you might yourself spot a rare or endangered wild animal yourself!
Mudumalai is part of the Western Ghats – Nilgiri sub cluster that has been declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.