Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
Natural life havens in India have been amazingly effective in preserving the untamed life of India. They are the perfect place to witness the forcing excellence of the backwoods and their perpetual scope of natural life. These natural life zones are lauded for keeping up the environmental adjust and giving safe house to different imperilled and monitored types of widely varied vegetation. Here is a rundown of famous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India that are worth a visit and in this way guarantee to take into account the interest of wildlife enthusiasts.
1. Jim Corbett National Park – Uttarakand
The Jim Corbett National Park is one of the best and oldest national parks in India. To protect the Bengal Tigers that are imposing, it was established in 1936. This is definitely one of the hot spots of the lovers of wildlife. This park has been named after the most famous wildlife essayist Jim Corbett. The wilderness and beauty of this park draws the visitors from different parts of the world. This park has been featured in various wildlife documentaries to generate awareness towards the stunning and mighty Bengal Tigers.
2. Ranthambore National Park – Rajasthan
The Ranthambore National park is ranked among the top 10 national parks in India. It is regarded as one of the royal wildlife sanctuaries in India. The pride of this national park is its majestic tigers. Surrounded by the Chambal and Banas river, this sanctuary serves as a habitat for predators and various other animals of this sanctuary. Hyena, Sambar, Wild Boar, Nilgai and Leopard are few of the major animals that are found in this sanctuary. The immensely popular thing in this park is Tiger Safari.
3. Bandipur National Park – Karnataka
Image: Nadir Hashmi – Flickr
Among all the wildlife sanctuaries in South India, the Bandipur sanctuary is the most famous one. It is considered as the natural accomodation to Elephants and various other endangered species. The Western Ghats and the Lush forest of Deccan Plateau makes this one of the most beautiful national parks in India.
This wildlife sanctuary is situated 215 kms away from Bangalore and 80 kms away from Mysore
4. Keoladeo Ghana National Park – Bharatpur, Rajasthan
Image: Rajeev India – Flickr
Keoladeo Ghana wildlife sanctuary, formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is one of the man-made wetlands that has been declared as a wildlife sanctuary. This sanctuary hosts a huge number of avifauna during summer season and is regarded as one of the best national parks to find exotic migratory birds and other various other birds of India. It is situated in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. This sanctuary serves as a primary place for zoological studies and ornithologists.
5. Nagarhole National Park – Karnataka
Regarded as the popular destination for spotting tigers, the Nagarhole wildlife sanctuary is situated in the Mysore district of Karnataka. “Rajiv Gandhi National Park” is the other name for this park. Along with a huge number of tigers, this park also accomodates a significant number of Elephants, Sloth Bears, Leopards and Indian Bisons. This park’s forests are highly rich with trees of significant commercial value. Silver Oak, Sandalwood and Teak are the important trees found in this sanctuary. This sanctuary also has more than 60 species of Ants, 96 species of Dung Beetles and 250 species of Birds.
6. Sariska National Park – Rajasthan
Image: tadfad – Flickr
The Sariska wildlife sanctuary is situated in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. In 1955, it was declared as a Wildlife reserve because of the presence of a huge number of tigers within this park. Later in 1978, it was declared as one of Tiger Reserve Forests. Allover the world, it was the first sanctuary that was adapted successfully by the highly valued Royal Bengal Tigers as their natural habitat. Golden Jackal, Stripped Hyena, Jungle Cat and Leopard are also found in this park which is one of the highly popular wildlife sanctuaries in India.
7. Kaziranga National Park – Assam
Image: Rita Willaert – Flickr
In India as well as in the world, this wildlife sanctuary is the one and only natural habitat of One-Horned Rhinos that are seriously at risk of extinction. To explore the Northeast India’s wildlife, this wildlife sanctuary is one of the largest national parks. Kaziranga National Park is also one of the largely visited parks among the top 10 wildlife sanctuaries in India. This sanctuary also boasts of its large number of tigers and various other wildlife species.
8. Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary – Karnataka
Image: Subharnab Majumdar – Flickr
Enveloped by both semi evergreen forests and moist deciduous forests, the Bhadra National Park is really a must-visit sanctuary. This national park is the right place for the travellers to experience and admire the miracles and wilderness of nature. This sanctuary is an extensive habitat for an array of animals and plants. Bhadra river is one of the major attractions of this national park.
9. Kanha National Park – Madhya Pradesh
Kanha wildlife sanctuary is one of the sought after destinations in the list of wildlife sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh. Since its establishment in 1955, this sanctuary has gained a lot of attention because of its efforts in saving the almost extinct and rare species of Swamp Deer, also named as ‘Barasingha’. This is also one of well-maintained sanctuaries in Asia.
10. Sundarbans National Park – West Bengal
Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the oldest and largest in India. Although it is situated in the deltaic region of India, it shares its boundaries with Bangladesh. Sunderbans, covered with mangrove forests, is the real home of the fascinating Royal Bengal Tigers. Compared with any other sanctuary in the world, it has the highest number of Bengal Tigers.
11. Bandhavgarh National Park – Madhya Pradesh
Image: Garrett Ziegler – Flickr
In the list of national parks in India, the Bandhavgarh wildlife sanctuary is another enticing name. It is one of the most significant and largest wildlife sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh. It is situated in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh. This sanctuary consists of large number of tigers, deers and leopards. White Tigers are the most spectacular ones here.
12. Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary, Gujarat
Image: Kishore Bhargava – Flickr
The Sasan Gir Sanctuary and the Gir National Park situated in Gujarat are the only national parks in India that accomodate Asiatic Lions. October – June is the perfect time to visit these parks. These are the elegantly preserved places for Asiatic Lions. This park was set up on 18th september 1965. Streams and rivers flowing through this sanctuary are used by the dwellers of this sanctuary.
13. Periyar National Park – Kerala
Image: David Haberthür – Flickr
The Periyar National Park situated in Kerala is the only wildlife sanctuary in India that consists of an artificial lake that flows through the forests. Situated on the evergreen hills of Western Ghats, this national park is also one of Tiger Reserve Forests in India. The visitors can view this park’s mighty beasts drinking water on the lake sides while boating in the Periyar Lake.
14. Pench National Park – Madhya Pradesh
Most of the visitors’ childhood fantasy will turn into reality while visiting the Pench National Park in Madhya Pradesh. ‘The Jungle Book’ written by Rudyard Kipling is based on this park’s natural surroundings; this sanctuary is also known as ‘Mowgli Land’. The most dominant species of this sanctuary are the tigers. Barking deer, wild dog, sloth bear and leopards are few of other attractions.
15. Manas National Park – Assam
In the list of National Parks in India, the Manas wildlife sanctuary or the Manas National Park situated in Assam is considered as the youngest names. This park consists of a large number of endangered and rare species. Pygmy Hod, Golden Langur, Hispid Hare and Assam Roofed Turtle are few of the most endangered species of this sanctuary. This sanctuary boasts of its 380 bird species, 55 species of mammals and a significant number of amphibians and reptiles. For river rafting, it is one of the most popular destinations.
16. Dudhwa National Park – Uttar Pradesh
Image: Kiran SRK – Flickr
The Dudhwa wildlife sanctuary is a part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve and is located in Uttar Pradesh. Earlier in 1958, it was declared as a national park for Swamp Deer but was declared as a Tiger Reserve in 1978 because of its large number of tigers.
17. Panna National Park – Madhya Pradesh
Image: Saad Akhtar – Flickr
Panna wildlife sanctuary is one of the best maintained wildlife sanctuaries of India. In 1994, it was announced as a Tiger Reserve Forest of India. Due to poaching, this sanctuary suffered a heavy downfall in the number of tigers. Among other animals found in this sanctuary, Sloth Bear, Sambhar, Chinkara and Chital are found in this park.
18. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve – Maharashtra
Image: Dr. Caesar Photography – Flickr
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is situated in the Chandrapur district of Maharashtra. It is the largest and oldest wildlife sanctuary in Maharashtra. Jungle Cats, Stripped Hyena, Leopards and Bengal Tigers are few of the usually found carnivores of this sanctuary. Spotted Deer, Nilgai, Gaur and Sloth Bears are the herbivores. Due to the geographical topology of the sanctuary’s location, the forests of this park always bear the green colour.
19. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary – Kerala
Image: Kerala Tourism – Flickr
Chinnar National Park is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala. It is situated in the western ghats and it shares its border with Tamil Nadu. Among the 34 mammal species found in this sanctuary, Nilgiri Tahr, Tiger, Indian Elephant, Spotted Deer and Panthers are the most spectacular. It also has 240 species of exotic birds.
20. The Great Himalayan National Park – Himachal Pradesh
The Great Himalayan National Park lies among the snow-capped mountain peaks and lush coniferous forests of kullu, Himachal Pradesh. It is one of the high altitude wildlife sanctuaries in India. The emerald meadows in some parts of this wildlife sanctuary makes it one of the stunning national parks in India. Himalayan Tahr, Musk Deer, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Brown Bear and Snow Leopard are the commonly found animals in this sanctuary. It also houses around 181 species of birds.
21. Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary – Karnataka
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest national park in Karnataka. Situated on the Kali River banks, it is one of the mostly visited national parks in India. Leopard, Elephant, Tiger, Flying Squirrel and Black Panther can be spotted easily in this sanctuary. Crocodiles are the major attraction of this national park. It is also a perfect place for Crocodile and Tiger spotting, Bird watching, trekking and river rafting.
22. Silent Valley National Park – Kerala
Image: anoop madhavan – Flickr
The Silent Valley wildlife sanctuary is a very popular national park in India. Being in the middle of the Attappadi, the Palghat, the Nilambur and the Nilgiri, this place provides a mesmeric panorama. Based at a height of nearly 3600 ft above the water level, this wildlife sanctuary is blessed with a variety of fauna and flora. It is a home to around 1000 species of blooming plants, 200 species of butterflies and 150 bird species. Kunthi, the spectacular river, flows through this park.
23. Rajaji National Park – Uttarakhand
Image: Prashant Ram – Flickr
Around 49 mammal species like yellow throated martin, rhesus macaques, goral, wild boar, barking deer, himalayan black bear, leopards, bengal tigers, asian elephants and many more are found in the Rajaji wildlife sanctuary, Uttarakhand. This sanctuary is one of the stunning national parks in India as it is based at the foothills of Himalayas. This park consists of around 315 bird species.
24. Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary – Goa
The Bhagwan Mahavir National Park is located in Mollem town of Goa. This is situated in the middle of Western Ghats and is surrounded by picturesque forests. This is one of the national parks in India that possesses both geographical and historical significance. For bird watchers, it is a hub as it is bestowed with diverse fauna and flora. This sanctuary houses many animals like cobras and pythons, Malayan giant squirrels, jungle cats, slender toris, spotted deer, leopards, sambar and the gaur.
25. Hemis National Park – Jammu and Kashmir
This Hemis National Park is located at an elevation ranging from around 3300 M to 6000 M above sea level. It is known as the Hemis High Altitude National Park. It is regarded as the highest park all over the world. This park houses animals like bharal, shapu, Ibex, snow leopards and many more. This park also consists of about 73 bird species and 16 species of mammals.
26. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary – Kerala
Image: Indian Holiday
The Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary has been proposed as a world heritage site by UNESCO World Heritage Committee. This sanctuary was declared as a part of the Parambiculam Tiger Reserve in 2010. To enjoy fauna and flora, this sanctuary is the best spot for wildlife enthusiasts.
27. Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary – Jammu and Kashmir
Image: Trans India Travels
Established in 1910, this wildlife sanctuary is situated in Jammu and kashmir. It is located in Western Himalayas and houses various types of fauna and flora with meadows, pastures and grasslands. Otter, Himalayan Brown Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Musk Deer and Leopard are some of the species that are found here.
28. Mundanthurai wildlife Sanctuary – Tamil Nadu
Image: Trans India Travels
Also named as the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, the protected forest was established in 1962 and is situated in Tamil Nadu. In 1988, it was declared as a tiger reserve and is spread across an area of 895 square kms. The animals that are found here are Elephant, wild dog, Giant squirrel, Jungle cat, Leopard and Tiger.
29. Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary – Tamil Nadu
Image: Trans India Travels
Also named as the Indira Gandhi National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, this forest reserve extends across an area of around 958 square kms. Located in Tamil Nadu, it houses various endangered animal species and is surrounded by various rivers and peaks.
30. Similipal National Park – Odisha
Image: Trans India Travels
Located in the state of Orissa, this park is famous as a reserve for the Asiatic elephant. In India, this park is one of the most breathtaking nature reserves with various waterfalls, grassy meadows and forests. Jungle cat, Leopard, Chausingha, Indian Bison, Tiger, Elephant and various species of birds and reptiles are spotted here.
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