Neolithic Age, relics are found in great abundance and variety in India. A Neolithic factory containing tools in every stage of manufacture has been found in Bellary District. In this age pottery was made first by the hand and then on the wheel. Animals were tamed and land cultivated.
Fire was made by friction. People constructed boats and spun and wove cotton and wool. They buried their dead: deep neolithic graves surrounded by stone circles have been discovered in some parts of the country. Rude drawings in red pigment are found in cave walls in the Bellary and Wynad Districts and other localities.
There is evidence of ancient pearl and conch-shell fisheries at the mouth of the Tambraparni river and of gold workings, probably of neolithic origin at Maski in Hyderabad. From the evidence it is clear that the Neolithic man in Southern India reached a fairly high degree of civilization.
Neolithic Age And Neolithic Culture
Gradually metal tools in imitation of stone forms came into use side by side with stone implements. In the north copper was employed to make tools and in the south, iron. Although there no Bronze age in India as in Europe, bronze was not altogether unknown. Finds of copper implements have been made from time to time.
Arms/Weapons In Neolithic Age
At Gungeria in the Central Provinces (Madhya Pradesh) a hoard of over four hundred objects was discovered, including shouldered axes, harpoons, barbed spears and swords and silver laminae.
Tombs & Metals During Neolithic Age
Hundreds of Megalithic tombs in the form of dolmens and cysts and several cemeteries terracotta sarcophagi and burial urns of the same material have been found in the Deccan and South India. These burials usually contain a lot of funerary furniture, pottery, figurines of animals and implements of iron, gold fillets, iron hoes and tridents found at Adichanallur on the banks of the Tambraparni and in the Nilgiris show some features which are unique in India and for which we have parallels in distant lands such as Palestine and Cyprus. Bronze bowls from the Nilgiris agree in shape and technique with similar objects from Assyria. Such resemblances are by no means accidental.
They only show that there are still several unsolved problems. It has been suggested that Adichanallur graves may be those of foreign colonists who settled there for trading purposes and continued to reside for centuries. This cannot be however the whole story.