Indian Cinema and literature are very closely related to each other. Many Indian films are made on Premchand’s literary works like – Sewa Sadan, Godan, Mill Aur Mazdoor, Heera Moti, Sadgati, and Shatranj Ke Khiladi.
Indian Cinema and Literature History
The film ‘Devdas’, ‘Parineeta’, ‘Braj Bahu’ and ‘Swami’ like films are based on literary works of Saratchandra. Mahashweta Devi’s literary work inspired the films like ‘Rudali’ and ‘Hazaar Chaurasi ki Maan’.
The very famous films ‘Teri Kasam’ is based on Fanishwar Nath Renu’s story while the film ’Chitralekha’ is based on Bhagwati Charan Verma’s literary work.
100 Years of Indian Cinema
‘Suraj Ke Satvan Ghora’ and ‘Gunahon ka Devta’ films are inspired from Dharmveer Bharati’s literatures.Govind Nihlani produced films on Bhism Sahni’s popular novel ‘Tamas’. Indian Cinema revealed the literature.
Indian Cinema and Literature
Famous Films Awards of Indian Cinema
1. Dada Saheb Phalke Award
The Dada Saheb Phalke Award is India’s highest award in cinema established in 1969. This award conferred every year during the National Film Festival event by the Directorate of film festivals, a body established by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. The recipient is honoured for their outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema. The award consists of a shawl, ten lakh rupees cash prize and a Swarna Kamal
First presented in 1969’the award was introduced by the Government of India to commemorate Dada Saheb Phalke’s contribution to Indian Cinema. Devika Rani was the first recipient of this award during the seventeenth National Film Awards.
2. National Film Award
This was set up in the year 1954, and is greatly celebrated award ceremonies in India. It has been administered along with the International Film Festival of India and the Indian Panorama by Indian Government’s Directorate of Film Festivals since 1973.
In the year 1954, these awards were brought into limelight for the first time. The GoI has accepted the ceremony to uplift the films made across India be notified and respected on a national level, to boost up the Indian culture and art. This award is given to both Feature Films and non-Feature Films.There are 22 groups of non-Feature Films in which this prize is given.
3. The Century Award of Indian Cinema
This award was introduced by the Government of India(GoI) to commemorate the hundred years of Indian Cinema in the year 2013. The award comprises a medallion, a shawl and a cash prize of 10 lakh. The recipient of the award was actress Waheeda Rahman.
4. The Filmfare Awards
Just like the National Film Festival Award, Filmfare Award was brought into the podium in the same year, 1954. Previously it was referred to as the Clare awards.
The first recipient of this award was the ‘Do Bheega Zameen’ by Bimol Roy as the best director. For ‘Daag’ film Dilip Kumar as the best actor. Meena Kumari as the best actress in film ‘Baiju Bawra’ and Naushad for best musician in Baiju Bawra.
5. Indian Cinema – Gandhi
This is a magnus opus film based on Mahatma Gandhi’s life. This film was first demonstrated in 1982. It was directed by British Filmmaker Richard Attenborough and starting with Ben Kingsley. The film won eight Oscar awards. The musician of this film was George Phanton and Pandit Ravi Shankar. Some Indian film actors also are participants of this film like Rohini Hattangadi(Kasturba Gandhi), Rohan Seth(Jawaharlal Nehru). Sayeed Zafari(Sardar Patel) and Virendra Raidaan(Maulana Azad).
Film Related Institutes in India
Central Board of Film Certification(CBFC)
According to the Cinematograph Act 1952, CBFC, a legal body under the Ministry of Information Broadcasting has the power to govern the public exhibitions of films. So, only after the CBFC examines the films and permits then only films can be exhibited publicly in India.
Film and Television Institute of India(FTII)
Under the Ministry of Information Broadcasting GoI, FTII stood as an autonomous body. The Central government of India assists this and aid in parts. It is located in the premises of the former Prabhat Film Company in pune, India. So right from the beginning, FTII has become india’s leading television and film institute, with its alumni comprising of famous directors and popular actors in the indian film industry.Government of India has given a prime place to FTII on the terrace of the film platform.
Film Division of India(FDI)
FDI was set up in the year 1948. It is a film production house and a part of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Government of India has established this unit primarily to create news magazines and documentaries for promoting cinematic record of Indian history and the government programmes.
The National Film Archives of India(NFAI)
The NFAI was set up as a media subdivision of Information and Broadcasting in Feb 1964. The objective of the NFAI is to protect the legacy of Indian Cinema for future generations and execute as a centre for distribution of a healthy film culture throughout the country.
National Center of Films for Children and Young People(NCYP)
NCYP supports and encourages children’s film in India. India’s first prime minister , Jawaharlal Nehru took the initiative in 1955 to setup the children film society. India(CFS) which was renamed in the year 1992 as National Centres of Films for Children and Young People(NCYP).