Amritsar located in the western part of the Indian state of Punjab. The place has the holiest of the Sikh shrines – Harmandir Sahib. Amritsar, named as ‘Tool of Nectar’ after the sacred pool or tank called Amrit Sarovar in the Golden Temple. The temple erected on an island in the tank’s center. Golden Temple history is briefed as:
History of Amritsar Golden Temple
- Akbar granted the original site for the city to the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das.
- In 1574 A.D, Guru Ram Das has bought the land for Rs 700 from the owners of the village of Tung and laid the foundation of the temple in the year 1577 A.D.
- Later on Guru Arjundeo made it the most famous pilgrimage centres of the sikhs.
- The Adi Granth of the Sikhs was placed here in the year 1604 A.D
- In the year 1761, the Afghan invader, Ahmad shah Abdali ransacked the town and destroyed the temple. The temple was rebuilt in the year 1764.
- During the Ranjit Singh’s reign the temple was roofed with gilded copper plate, giving it the name Golden Temple in the year 1802.
- Amritsar was in the junction of ancient-trade routes to Persia, places of Central Asia like Kashdar, Yarkand and Khotan.
- It formed an important center, connected with the old silk route.
- The town at present is the center of religious activity and a tourist place.
- The place is a major hub of industrial activities related to softwood and handicrafts.
Night View Of Golden Temple
Golden Temple Art & Architecture:
- Golden Temple, the holiest temple of the sikh religion, also known as Harmandir, encircled by the pool Amrit Sarovar.
- A two-storey marble makeup reached by sub-way known as the Guru’s bridge.
- The bottom portion of the marble walls beautified with animal motifs in pietra dura fashion of the Taj Mahal and inlaid floral.
- The Golden dome, adorned with 100 kilos of pure gold represents an inverted lotus design.
- Akal Takhat, the building where the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak committee or Sikh’s religious parliaments meets.
- Southeast of the temple enclosure with nine-storey Babal Atal Tower, built in the year 1784.
- The Durgiana Temple in Amritsar dates back to the 16th century A.D.
- This large temple, built like the Golden Temple in the center of a lake. Dedicated to the Hindu deities, Lakshmi and Narayan(Vishnu).
About 2000 Indians killed or wounded in indiscriminate firing done by General O’Dyer in the year 1919.
Golden Temple Attack – Operation Blue Star:
Operation Blue Star, a code-name of Indian military operation on the Golden Temple complex and Akal Takhat, by the Indian army from 3rd to 8th June 1984 under the leadership of Indira Gandhi. The then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi passed orders to take out Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and the Sikh separatists from the Golden temple who were hiding there. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale accused in collecting firearms in the Golden Temple. The Sikh separatists group led by Bhindranwale and equipped with grenades, rifles and assault weapons.
Basically the Blue Star Operation was of two phases:
- Operation shop: the target was to siege suspects around the temple and bring out them.
- Operation Metal: the target was to remove terrorists who were hiding in the beautiful Har Mandir Sahib.
But the operation ended up killing hundreds of innocent people and ruining the beautiful Har Mandir Sahib.
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