India being the adherer of Sanatana Dharma does not lack in the number of temples and shrines. All over the country you would find signs of devotion and love for God. Guruvayoor devaswom is a popular temple dedicated to Lord Krishna. The temple attracts millions of Krishna devotees every day. They come seeking the blessing of the Lord, they come seeking darshan and they come seeking peace, such is the power of the lord who has enthralled generation after generation by his leelas and ability to lead the greatest Dharma yudh from the front.
The temple is located in Guruvayur of Kerala. This temple has become an important part of Hindu worship. The popularity has risen to such height that people now call this temple – Bhuloka Vaikuntha. The translation would be – The abode of Lord Vishnu on the Earth.
The deity of temple is Lord Vishnu in the form of Lord Krishna. The deity here is depicted as Lord Krishna standing in Lord Vishnu’s Chaturvujam form with four arms holding shankh, chakra, gada and padma. It is that five thousand years ago on the night of Lord Krishna’s birth, Lord Vishnu unfolded this from before Vasudev and Devaki. Because of the depiction of the Lord, the temple has become famous as the Dwarka of South India.
The Lord is worshipped following the routine of Adi Shakara. In the temple the routine for performing pujas is followed strictly. The head priest comes to the temple early in the morning and does not eat or drink anything till the time, the rituals are all completed.
Guruvayur Temple History
It is said that the deity that is worshiped in this temple is more than five thousand years old. On 14th century, the worshiping of the Lord had started. In a Tamil literature can be found the reference of a place which was known as Kuruvayur. In 16th century literature, the mention of Kuruvayur can be found.
The references of Vishnu temples of Kerala had been heard in the songs of the saints. The timeline of these Tamil poets could not be determined. The Guruvayoor Devaswom had become popular due to a battle between Kozhikode and Valluvanad. Because the battle lasted for too long, the people took refuge in Guruvayur. With time the leader of Kozhikode became a devotee of Lord Vishnu and thus the clan also followed the leader.
The main shrine which attracts the attention of the devotees today had been built in the year of 1638 AD. By the time the century neared the end, Guruvayur had gained the status of most famous pilgrimage of Kerala.
The Temple and Various Perils
In the year 1970, the temple was under fire. The intense fire had almost destroyed the temple. It is said that the fire had started from the western part of the temple. As wind kept feeding the fire spread across the other part of the temple. Even though the fire had been engulfing it could not damage the deities. They remained unaffected by the fire and its intense damaging effect. Though people fought the fire, they could not save the main part of the temple. It is later on, the temple had been once again rebuilt.
The Temple and Its’ Pond
There is a pond inside the temple premise. It is known as Rudratheertham. It is said that thousands of years ago Lord Shiva along with His family had worshiped Lord Vishnu by that pond. Because Rudra is yet another name of Lord Shiva, the pond has come to be known as Rudratheertham.
Guruvayur Temple Dress Code
Strict code for dressing is followed in the temple. The male devotees need to enter the temple without covering their chests. The children can enter wearing shirt. Strict dress code is applicable for females as well. They must wear either saare or churidar with dupatta.
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