Gandhi Jayanthi, a national holiday is celebrated in India to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the “The Father of the Nation”. The United Nations General Assembly announced on 15th June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that October 2 will be celebrated as the International Day of Nonviolence. October 2, is also the birthday of Lal Bahadur Shastri (2nd Prime Minister of India).
LIFE OF MAHATMA GANDHI
There have been many leaders who took part in the freedom struggle for India. Among them, Mahatma Gandhi deserved special states. Since 1920 on-wards, he, as a national leader, lead the national freedom movement. With his strenuous efforts and support from the people of India, we achieved freedom on August 15,1947.
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, later known as Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar, Gujarat.
- His father was the Dewan of Rajkot state. After completing his school education, he went to England for higher studies and degree of Law.
- He returned to India but could not establish the practice.
- He went to South Africa where being an advocate he struggled for civil rights of Indian community.
On his return from South Africa, he joined Indian freedom struggle and arranged a systematic planning for the farmers and labourers to protest against oppressive discrimination. After the death of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, he assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress and lead nationwide campaigns for the alleviation of poverty, liberation of women, end of untouchability and caste discrimination for Swaraj.
- He started Satyagraha against the Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar massacre and non-cooperation movement against the British.
- He started a movement, Dandi march in 1930 in the non compliance of British Salt Tax.
- In 1942, he gave a call for Quit India Movement. He was arrested on many occasions and jailed for many years.
- During his life and national movement, Gandhi exercised nonviolence and truth.
- On january 30,1948, he killed by Nathuram Godse.
- With his lifelong service to the nation, he evolved from Mohandas to Mahatma and to be called the Rashtrapita (Father of the nation).
LIFE OF LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI
2nd October, also the birthday of great Indian leader and 2nd Prime Minister of India. Lal Bahadur Shastri who was born in 1904 in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. As a boy he loved reading books. After hearing the speech of Mahatma Gandhi, he dedicated himself for the service of the country and participated in non-cooperation movement.
- After the completion of his degree, ‘Shastri’, he joined the national movement actively. During the imprisonment, he spent almost nine years in jail.
- Following India’s independence he served as the Minister of Police and Transport in U.P. He became General Secretary of All India Congress in 1951 he was nominated to Rajya Sabha and served as the Minister of Railways and Transport from1951 to 1957.
- In 1957, Shasthri joined central cabinet as the Minister for Transport and Communications and then as the minister of Commerce and Industry.
- In 1961, he became the minister of Home Affairs. After the death of Pt.Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri had been sworn in as Prime Minister of India on 9th June 1964.
- Within a year of being the Prime Minister of India, he proved himself the right heir of Pt.Jawaharlal Nehru. He had won war with Pakistan and become the hero of Indian people. After declaration of ceasefire, Lal bahadur Shastri and Pakistan President Mohd.
- Ayub Khan attended a summit in Tashkent (USSR) and signed the declaration on January 10, 1966.
- On January 11,1966, he had two heart attacks and died there.
- He was the man of embodiment of selflessness,detachment and simplicity.
Gandhi Jayanthi Celebrations (2ND OCTOBER)
2nd October is celebrated as the birthday of two great Indians, Mahatma Gandhi and Lal Bahadur Shastri.
- Gandhi Jayanthi was marked by prayer meetings and tributes by national leaders and dignitaries at Raj Ghat, New Delhi.
- It is celebrated throughout the country in colleges, schools, government organizations and instructions and socio political institutions.
- Several competitions are conducted and awards given to winner students.
- We must follow the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, peace, nonviolence and freedom from the untouchability & casteism.
- Besides the celebration of Gandhi jayanthi people also celebrate the birthday of Lal Bahadur Shastri and mark the prayer meetings at Vijay Ghat, New Delhi and remember his services to the nation.
- We must obey the messages of Mahatma Gandhi and Lal Bahadur Shastri and spread it to the masses for the welfare of the people.