What does Vedas mean in English?
The below four Vedas in english are considered to be having the most significance in Hindu religion and literature. These are a large body of text originated from the ancient Vedic Granth. Veda means knowledge in Sanskrit which is derived from the root word ‘Vid’. The Vedas are the oldest sheets of Sanskrit literature and also sacred texts of Hinduism. Here are the
Vedas in English listed below
- Rig Veda
- Yajur Veda
- Sama Veda and
- Atharva Veda
Each Vedas in english includes the Samhita or the metrical mantra part and the essay ‘Brahmana’ part showing directions and discussions during customs and ceremonials like how and where the mantras are to be used, description of the legends who are connected with the mantras and how will be the impact of the mantras etc. let us walk through each Veda one by one.
What is in the Rig Veda?
The first sacred Hindu writing work done by human is Rig Veda. In fact it is the most ancient holy writ in the world till date. Rig Veda is the most sacred book for Hindus. According to Hindus, It is believed that the The hymns of Rig Veda were revealed by the the great saints and are very much followed by them. Though exact time of the composition of the Rig Veda was not known, it is proven that it was framed well before 1000 B.C.
The Rig Veda is comprised of 10 mandals that are sub-divided into 1017 hymns which consists of 432,000 syllables. It is also believed that Kali yuga would exist around 432,000 years. The Rig Veda is associated with many Goddesses and Gods that are mainly human characteristics of the natural forces. Some of these are Ushas(Dawn), Surya(Sun), Agni(Fire), Varuna(Rain), Vayu(Air) and Soma(Plants) and so forth. The spiritual guides also believe that the hymns of Rig Veda have two meanings, one literal meaning and the other meaning as the Rig Veda is associated with several immortals which are natural forces, elements and natural bodies.
What is in the Yajur Veda?
Yajur Veda is an ancient Hindu holy writ devoted to the adoration and worship of the Gods. The name Yajur Veda comes from the sanskrit word, yajus, which means ‘sacrifice’ or ‘worship’ and veda means ‘knowledge’. Another meaning of Yajus is mantras in unimaginative form. It is the second veda enlisted out of the four vedas in english after the Rig Veda. It is also treated as the chief vedic text of the Indian monks or priests.
The Yajur Vedas are the accumulation of the specific mantras to be intoned when performing several sacrificial fires and specific regulations are to be checked while performing it. Yajur Veda is thus a book of facts on vedic ritualistic worship(Kharmakhand). Yajur Veda is classified into two parts called as shukla(the white Yajur Veda) and Krisna(the black Yajur Veda). The white Yajur Veda i.e., shukla relates to specific instructions and prayers for devotional sacrifices and the black Yajur Veda i.e., Krisna deals with instructions of sacrificial rituals.
The Yajur Veda texts explains about the technical mechanics of sacred ceremonies and rituals. Parts of the text are committed to ritual offerings and instruments that illustrates certain facets of Brahman(God). The writings also consists of the principles of the asana and pranayama practice. In general, the yoga teachings observed in Yajur Veda and in the Vedic scriptures are referred to as Vedic yoga. There are many translations of parts of the “Yajur Veda” which consists of explanations and formulas of prose mantras and acumen into the sacrificial rites.
What is in the SamaVeda?
The Sama means dear or the promise of a lover. Sama Veda is also an ancient holy writ of Hindu religion which is a collection of chants and melodies and is also called the “Veda of chants”, “Book of Chants” or even a “Yoga of Song”. It is generally treated as the words of “Rig Veda” presented in the form of music.
Sama Veda must be sung but not recited or read. It consists of about 1,900 verses, which are extract from the Rig Veda. Sama Veda delivers the knowledge of songs and its hymns are intoned by the Udgata at the time of the sacrifices.
What is in the Atharva Veda?
This is the last one of all the four Vedas in english. Though not recognized by some scholars, Atharva Veda is sometimes also referred as the “Veda of Magical Formulas”. It is an accumulation of popular incantations and spells. Atharva Veda means the ‘knowledge of magical formulas’ or ‘the Veda of Atharvan’. Many treat Atharva Veda as a dark and supernatural science, relating to the spirits and afterlife aspects. This one is totally different from the other three Vedas.
Atharva Veda contains 6000 mantras and is an accumulation of 20 books that consists of chants, hymns, prayers and spells; this involves issues like prolonging of life, rituals and black magic for eliminating anxieties and maladies, healing of illness. In contrast to other Vedas, Atharva Veda deals with the daily problems of Vedic people.
According to some sources it is stated that Atharva Veda is the origin of yoga, tantra and medicine. This Veda stands as a reference to the practice of yoga and breathing techniques.
Atharva Veda represents the clearer picture of the Vedic humankind. In addition, it also contains certain Indo-Aryan sects like Vasistas, Kaushikas and Kashyapas. The Atharva Veda also explains about warfare.