Essay on Taj Mahal

essay on taj mahal

Essay on Taj Mahal – In the words of Rabindranath Tagore, the famous Indian poet, it is “a teardrop on the cheek of eternity”.

Taj Mahal is one of those which is admired by everyone around the world for its eternal beauty.

Essay on Taj Mahal

Every day, many heads pass through the gates of Agra, to get once-in-a-lifetime view of this amazingly beautiful building.

Every year the number of tourist increases which present the fame of this beauty around the whole world.

History of Taj Mahal

The Mughal emperor, Shah jahan, had commissioned it in 1632 in the memory of his third and beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

She died while giving birth to her 14th child. The emperor was so much sadden and heart-broken that his hair turned grey overnight.

He started the construction of Taj Mahal where he wanted to house the tomb of his loving wife.

When the construction got finished, his son Aurangzeb, thrown him from the power and imprisoned him in the Agra fort. There was a small window in his cell from where he got to see the Taj only. Shahjahan passed the rest of his life in that cell gazing through the window.

After his death in 1666, his body was buried besides the mausoleum of his beloved wife Mumtaz, in the Taj Mahal itself.

Taj Mahal Importance

Taj mahal is considered as the momento of eternal love for your partner. It is the memorial of the love between emperor Shahjahan and his belove wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The architecture is amusing.

The selection of place was done very cleverly to give the monument an eternal view. Taj mahal has given India a new platform in the world tourism.

essay on taj mahal

India has got a new recognition in world map. It is regarded as the best example of Mughal architecture and taken as a symbol how rich India was.

The world heritage site considered Taj as “the jewel of Indian muslim art and universally admired masterpiece of world heritage”.

It represents the rich history of India. It reflects why India was called “the golden bird” of ancient time. Taj symbolizes love and beauty.

Taj Mahal Construction Story & Architecture

The construction of Taj began in the year 1632. The main mausoleum was made with first 8 years of construction. But the rest of construction took more long years and not finished till 1653. The total construction though took almost 22 years. It is said that Shahjahan cut the hands of the labours who constructed the Taj Mahal so that no one would ever dare to copy the masterpiece which only belonged to her wife.

The construction cost was estimated to be around 32 million Indian rupees of that time. If converted in today’s value, it will be around 52 billion rupees. The construction project hired 20 thousand artisans who were guarded by the main architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, the court member of the emperor.

The Taj Mahal holds the architectural style of Persian and Mughal architecture. The previous Mughal buildings like Red fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun’s tomb were made with Red sandstones. But for the construction of Taj Mahal, Shahjahan promoted the use of precious white stone called white marble.

Taj Mahal was raised on the marble platform with its back to Yamuna River. The main master stroke of the architectural design is that there is only sky behind. The backdrop is covered with the sky only giving it an eternal view. Four 40 m high minarets are gracing on the corner of the marble platform.

Taj Mahal – One Among 7 Wonders of the World

Taj Mahal was declared as the winner of “New Seven Wonders of the World” in the year 2007. Although, it was designated as the UNESCO World heritage site since 1983. Taj mahal is considered asunder due to its unique construction style. Many big and qualified architects researched for many years but failed to understand the architectural plan of Taj Mahal.

Taj Mahal – Tourism Spot

It is one of the most visited tour spots of India. It attracts more than 8 billion tourists every year and the numbers are increasing with years. The entry to Taj is divided into two groups: one for Indian and another for foreigners. Indians have to pay significantly low price for entering Taj whereas foreigners are charged very high. Taj remains closed on Fridays.

Cameras and videos are permitted outside the main tomb. But tripod is banned. You can hire a guide or can pick audio-guide too. Bags other than money bags are not allowed inside. You cannot keep outside food with you when you go inside.

The best time to visit Taj is in cool months of October to February. Although December and January is considered to the coolest month so visitors are less during this period of time. Taj remains open for the whole year for visitors.


There are several myths surrounded with the history and geography of Taj mahal. Here we discuss some:

  • It is said that initial Shahjahan had planned to make the mausoleum with Black stone and name it Black Taj mahal. You can even see the ruins of black marble across the river.
  • It is claimed but with no evidence that Shahjahan had disarmed the workers and artisans who were involved in the construction of Taj mahal so that no one could again make similar design.
  • P.N. Oak, a writer from Britisher time claimed that taj was built by a hindu emperor Parmar Dev with an idol of Shiva inside. But Mughal emperor Shahjahan seizure it in a battle and changed the name. But his petition was dismissed by Indian Supreme Court in the year 2000.


Being the most beautiful building in the world, Taj mahal has the power to attract the view at one glance. Only the pictures have the attraction to make the viewer visit at least once. Emperor Shahjahan himself said that “it made sun and moon shed tears from their eyes”.

The other tourist’s spots near Taj mahal are Agra fort, Fatehpur sikri, King Akbar’s tomb or itimad-ud-daulah tomb. Enjoy the heavenly beauty with the group of family or friends.

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