Essay on Peacock – The National Bird of India

Essay On Peacock – Peacock is the national bird of India. We all know that. Right? But do know why it has been given such a prestigious designation? Well, it must have something unique that makes it deserving for the title national bird.  So, let’s find out its uniqueness. Peacock, the queen of birds, is the symbol of love, beauty, grace, pride, and colourful life.

Essay on Peacock


It is the swan-sized bird whose long neck is covered with blue features. The entire beauty of a peacock lies in its feature. When peacock expands its feature and dances, I guess, even time would stop to see its dance. I must say, if you have never seen a peacock dancing, you haven’t witnessed the most flamboyant beauty on the earth. Scientifically known as Pavo Cristatus, peacock represents the multi-coloured aspects of life.

Origin of peacocks

If we see the myths, peacock holds a significant presence. But where this name and this species came from, nobody knows. Not only in Indian culture but also in other Asian and European countries they are the legendary birds but in every religion, their origination point is unknown. Peacocks are believed to be the oldest ornamental species of birds and also relates the time period of legends, so we can say that they have been on the earth for the million years ago.

Essay on Peacock

Importance of peacocks in mythology and history

Peacock has always been a fabled bird in every culture but if we talk about the Indian mythology, it is something more than that. From the architecture to the paintings, engravings, sculpture, literature and the religion, peacock holds a very significant place. In India, peacock and its feature are considered very sacred and propitious symbols. And there are many reasons for that.

First, it is the carrier animal (Vahan) of God Kartikeya, and Goddess Saraswati. Thus, it represents knowledge, pride, and wisdom. Second, the eye-shaped spots in its train are considered as the eyes of God. Third, Lord Krishna is always depicted with a peacock feature on his crown. This may be a reason that peacock’s features are believed very auspicious in Hinduism.

Beyond the mythological significance, peacocks are also a great matter of Indian history. Chandragupta Maurya, an Indian empire from Maurya dynasty 321-185 BC, is believed to hail from a region which was full of the peacock. That’s why his clan was named Maurya dynasty. Actually, Maurya is a Sanskrit word which means peacock. Coming to the medieval history, Mughals were so much in love with the beauty of peacock that peacock and its feature motifs were the salient feature in Mughal architecture. Not only this, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan’s throne was also designed in a form of peacock.  

Even in modern India, many people use the design of peacock and its features in Logos, home décor and sometimes even in wedding cards as an auspicious symbol.

Types of peacock

Ideally, the word ‘peacock’ means male peafowl and the female peafowl is called ‘peahen’. Together they both fall under the peafowl species of bird but usually, they are referred with the word ‘Peacock’. There are three types of peacock of which two are widely held and one is little-known. Out of all these three types, the peacocks that are kept in the confines of a zoo are called ‘Garden Peacock’ and the one who lives in a forest is called ‘Jungle Peacock’.

Have a look at the three types of peacock.

Blue Peacock or Indian Peacock

Blue Peacocks are generally found in India and Sri Lanka. Their almost entire body is blue. Females are likely to be a drabber brown. The Blue Peacocks have the small crest and long featured tail as compared to other types of peacocks. Blue Peacocks are also very friendly with other fowls.

Green Peacock

Green Peacocks are native to Java, Myanmar, and Southeast Asia. They are similar to Blue Peacocks. Male peacocks are somewhat different because they have mostly green body but the female peacocks look almost same as Blue Peacocks. In traits, they are different. Green Peacocks are very aggressive and they can’t live with other fowls.

Congo or African Peacock

Congo Peacocks are very little-known and distinct than above two types of peacocks. Congo Peacocks can be seen in African forests. They’re the national bird of Democratic Republic of Congo but presently are in an endangered stage.

Characteristics of Peacocks

Peacocks are unquestionably the most beautiful and the ornamental birds on the earth.  Its beauty can’t be captured in words still we’re trying to encapsulate some of its characteristics. Below take a look.


Peacocks have been bestowed with a bewitching beauty that can enchant anybody. A peacock is a long bird with an elongated graceful neck, the multi-colored crest of features, and an eye-popping long tail or train. A patch beneath their eyes and a crown like shape on their head increase their beauty million times more. If the peacock is dancing, only God can help you hold the breath. While dancing, their moon shaped spots on the features shine dazzling and create different reflections from different angels. Peacocks can be long up to 225cm and weigh up to 5kg.

Nature and Other Traits

Peacocks are calm and human-friendly birds by nature. Peacocks like to live only with their species. They don’t really get along with other species of birds. Unlike their beauty and charm, they have a harsh and penetrating voice. They can produce 11 distinctive voices each of having a different signal. Whenever a peacock spots a predator, he makes a loud voice and alarms other peacocks in that region. Peacock got the wings and they can fly but they rarely do. They have strong feet and they run very fast. Like other birds, peacocks hardly sleep on the ground during the night. They prefer roosting in trees.  Peacocks are always seen in flocks.

Habitat and Food Habits

Generally, semi-dry grasslands and the deciduous woodland are the natural habitats for peacocks. Peacocks love to stay nearby a water body area. But now due to conservation, they are also seen in zoos and national parks. Talking about their food habits, peacocks are ground feeders and feed on insects, small creatures, seeds, grains, worms and also snakes.  They can critically harm the crops. Peacocks are said to have smelled the coming rain and they dance in cloudy weather. Their average lifespan is 20 years.

The usefulness of peacocks

Today, peacocks especially their plumages are in very high demand.  Their beautiful and flamboyant features are used to make purses, jackets, and many other decorative things.  In addition to that, people also keep peacock’s features as a lucky symbol. According to Ayurveda, Peacock’s feature is also a very effective medicinal herb especially in poisoning and injuries cases. Some people eat its flesh too and it is considered to be a very heat food.

Peacock as a national bird of India

Peacock holds a very significant place in Indian mythology. Due to its religious, mythical, and cultural involvement, it has been given the honor of being the national bird of India in 1963. The richness and the varied colors of its feature represent the essence of Indian philosophy, a vividly colorful life of Indians, the diverse culture and resplendent beauty of India. It is a symbol of happiness, joy and a cheerful life. Since it has been declared the national bird, peacocks are preserved. In 1972, according to the Wildlife Protection Act, the hunting of peacocks and the trading of its feature have been banned. As a result, today India is enriched with unnumbered of peacocks.


As we read the word ‘Peacock’, a fascinating multi-colored rainbow comes in front of our eyes. The glory of a peacock lies it its plumage. When it unfolds its features in a shape of a fan and dances, the world seems drab in front of its mesmerizing beauty and dance. In India, the dance of a peacock is a sign of an upcoming rain. Peacocks have been an unfathomable bonding with Indian myths and the relationship continues even today. They are held in high esteem and loved by everybody.

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