Essay On Indian Culture

Essay On Indian Culture

Unity in diversity’ is the perfect tagline for Indian culture. India, being the mother of all cultures and the oldest civilization, embraces miscellaneous races, ethnics, castes, creeds, religions, cults, sects, and languages within itself and still, it is bound in one soul only. That is Indian culture. Capturing the diversity of Indian culture is like controlling the Tornado and limiting it to a corner.

Importance of Indian Culture

India is a secular country where the values of traditions and the essence of modern life stand side by side. Indian culture is deep rooted way back from the periods of Vedas and continues to flourish more and more with each passing day.  The fabric of Indian culture is woven with the unique customs, perennial traditions, spiritual beliefs, high values, hospitality, revered style of communication, and supreme ethics. In India, the heart and the soul of people are satiated with these values and customs. They shield them like a jewel.

Article on Indian Culture

A culture is something that defines the values and the lifestyle of a nation. Every country has its own culture but none can beat the Indian culture. It’s only the colorful, inherent, and diverse culture of India that India holds such a prestigious pedestal in the world map. The canvas of Indian culture is hued with a rich vibrancy of all elements and is no less beautiful than the Mona Lisa. Indian culture is a living example of religious tolerance, hospitality, non-violence, and secularism.

Indian culture teaches people to love all living being and respect every religion. Here, heart rules the head. Love, integrity, harmony, and compassion are the four pillars of Indian culture which strengthen the nation with the primacy of ethical and spiritual values. Expanding a view at all over India, one can realize that India is the epitome of cultures. Our Hindustani culture engulfs the composite cultures of various religions.  

Unity in Diversity

This term to Indian culture had been bestowed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He compiled all the meticulous components of Indian culture and put it in front of the word. In his writing, he termed India, a land of Unity in Diversity. Unity is Diversity means togetherness in spite of vast diversity. In India, people from different ethnics, caste, religion, culture, and countries live together shoulder to shoulder.

The unity in diversity represents the concept of India where physical appearance, skin color, religious practice, caste, creed, cultural, and spiritual beliefs are not looked upon as a conflict rather, looked upon as attributes and varieties that enrich the society and form the nation as a whole. Unity in diversity is the central pillar of Indian culture and symbolizes the strength of India.

Indian Culture And Heritage

India is a nation where miscellaneous cultures co-exist together. Here, language, culture, customs, religion, cousins, lifestyle and races change in every five kilometers. Still, as a whole, India draws a vibrant and captivating picture of its diverse culture which is affluent with selfsame values and ethics. Trying to capture the diversity of Indian culture is like measuring the unfathomable depth of an ocean. We can only capture the gist of it. So, let’s have a glimpse on it.

Religion In India

In respect of religion in India, the list of practices goes endless. Here, people from every religion boast themselves a proud Indian. From the Hindus to Muslims, Sikh, Christians, Jains, Buddhists, Jews, and Parsees live together brotherly in India. Everybody respects each other’s religious practice and give full freedom to conduct it.

Languages In India

India is composed of several races having a regional language of their own. Under the single roof of India, nearly 900 languages are spoken. Now, can you fathom the diversity of India? Well, such measuring tape hasn’t been made yet.  Due to such linguistic diversity, Indian constitution has no national language. The status of a national language hasn’t been bestowed to any languages. Official accounts recognize Hindi as first official language, English as the second official language and 31 more languages as the regional languages.

Indian Traditions

Traditions and customs are the cornerstones of India. India has absorbed the customs, traditions, and rituals all around the world and put it together beautifully. Indian traditions like touching the feet of elders, venerating your Guru or teacher and parents like a God,  interesting customs of marriages, the humble gestures of Namaste, the concept of ‘Atithi Devo Bhav’, and many more such little but deeply meant traditions steal the heart of people all around the world. Indian traditions are very rigid that’s why they have survived from the long years ago.

Indian Art And Architecture

The overall culture of India is of course extremely diverse but the architecture and the art of India overdo everything.  The imposing architecture of India is far superior to that of the world. Every masterpiece of India reflects the whole culture of a particular realm. From the unrivaled Mughal architecture to the peerless Royal Palaces of Rajasthani Rajputs, the marvelous Nawabi forts of Luck now and Delhi, eye-popping engravings of Ajanta-Ellora Caves,  majestic monuments of Kolkata, the lifelike paintings pigmented in the walls and to the unequaled carvings of all temples,  the list of impressive art and architecture of India goes infinite.

Indian Music And Dance

The music and dance styles of India are as colorful as the rainbow. In India, without dance and music, the celebration of a festival would be incomplete. India is a motherland of a singer like Tansen who is believed to have hypnotized anything with his magical voice. The music and the dance classes of India date back around 2000 years. Classical and Folk dance are the two popular dance classes in India.  Classical dance includes Bharatnatyam, Kathakali, Manipuri, and Kathak. Folk dance includes Gaur dance, Bihu dance, Dandiya and many more. Gazals, Shayaris, and folk music are the major forms of classical music in India. However, in modern India, the classes of music and dance have been changed.

Indian Wear

The diverse and the cheerful life of India is seemingly evident in the varied styles of dresses that grace Indian people. In India, a girl doesn’t need any mini-dress and lot of makeup to look beautiful. Here, a girl simply in a Sari with ethnic jewelry can drive you insane. A boy in Sherwani looks more dashing than a well suited & booted man. The common Indian attire includes Sari and Salwar Kameez for Ladies and Dhoti Kurta, Kurta Pajamas with Turban for men.

Indian Food

Talking about the Indian food, the Indian cuisines are as diverse as the Indian culture itself. From the ultra-spicy curries to the sugary dishes, India offers a wide array of lip-smacking regional cuisines. There is no homogeneity of flavor among all regional cuisines still the Indians relish every cuisine with the core of their heart.

Indian Festivals

India is a land where the festivals of all religions are celebrated with utmost gaiety and pomp. It is a Nation, where Holi reflects the cheerful life of Indians, there Ramzan also binds people in brotherhood. Where the cities are decked like a bride in Christmas, there Lohri also displays the loving spirit of Indians. Where the spirituality of Lord Buddha is commemorated in Buddha Purnima, there Mahavir Jayanti is also solemnized to pay the tribute to Lord Mahavir. As a whole, unnumbered of festivals are rejoiced in India of which Holi, Dussehra, Deepawali, and Raksha Bandhan are prominent ones.

Impact Of Western Culture On Indian Culture

India is not the only land that has been immensely hit by the globalization. As a result, today, the roots of Indian culture, heritage, and the values have been shaken. After the independence, India assimilated the good elements from all the culture but now the western culture has gone to the extent that only some elements of Indian Culture have survived. The western culture is dominating India severely. There is no harm walking hand in hand with the world but it should be to point where we don’t lose our own essence, ethics, and identification.

Today, India has influenced so much from westerns that our civilization, values, tradition, respect & love for others are fading away. Today, the youths don’t find peace in temples or with the family rather, pub and clubs are the utter mean of their enjoyment and inner contentment. Especially in urban areas, the condition is really desperate. The one who carries the values and customs of Indian culture and conducts oneself in a traditional manner is being called illiterate and yokel by the modish people of urban society.

Today, India is affected by the western culture from head to toe. Our value, traditions, patience, tolerance, behavior, love and everything seem exhausted.

Indian culture – Global Recognition

India is a mother of all culture so you can assume how much the world would be influenced by the Indian culture. Be it Yoga, or meditation, practices of spirituality, nonviolence, philosophy, mathematics, Ayurveda, and the literature, they all are the boon of Indian culture. The teachings of Bhagavad Gita and concept of Karma are observed in all over the world.

Today, in almost every country, Indians are residing. Thus, Indian culture is being popularized and admired by millions.  Foreigners are spotted in Indian attire and they greet us by folding their hands and saying Namaste. Many English words like Karma, Guru, and Avatar etc. are derived from Hindi only.

The greatest scholar Mark Twin lauds India as-

“India is the cradle of human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend and the grand grandmother of traditions. Our most valuable and most constructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.”


India is a land that has absorbed every culture and religion within. It is a bouquet of flamboyant flowers varying in religion, language, dialect, custom, ritual, music, art, architecture, cuisine, and traditions but bundled into a single unit by the fundamental values. As an Indian, I proudly say, India is a cosmopolitan country with an intriguing blend of old culture and the new world vibrancy.

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