APJ Abdul Kalam, as we all know was one of the most prominent and inspiring Indian personality to whom the youth looks up as an iconic figure. He was one of the most prestigious scientists in India and became president number 11 of the nation 2002-2007. He was famously known as the Missile Man for his remarkable contribution towards nation’s civilian space program and development of military missile. His role towards the nuclear test of India’s Pokhran-II in the year 1998 was significant and thus earned him a gamut of praises and respect. He was an active member of the alumni group of MIT. APJ Abdul Kalam took the first step of his career in the role of a scientist in the category Aeronautical, DRDO. Later he was shifted to the ISRO with the responsibility of tackling a project and becoming the director of that project called the India’s very first Satellite Launch Vehicle. Kalam again went back to DRDO and got involved with India’s space program. Before becoming a president in the year 2002, he worked as an advisor to Prime Minister in 1990. He was a strong candidate for numerous awards and has received the same, which included Bharat Ratna award one of the highest civilian honors for this amazing contribution towards nation’s nuclear and space program.
His Early Life
APJ Abdul Kalam was born on October the 15th, 1931 in Muslim family settled at Rameswaram back then in Madras Presidency, and now located in Tamil Nadu. He was born in a family where his father named Jainulabudeen owned boats and his mother was a home maker. In total, they were 5 siblings, Kalam being the youngest. When Kalam was born, his family was poverty stricken even the ancestral records reveal that their fore fathers were quite wealthy. Due to financial tension, APJ Abdul Kalam as a young boy use to sell newspapers. His schooling was completed from Schwartz Higher Secondary School, after which he went to Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, and in 1954 completed his graduation in science. After his graduation, he went on to fulfill his childhood dreams and took admission in the Madras Institute of Technology to study aerospace engineering. During these days, Kalam however had the aspiration for becoming a pilot of fighter plane. This was long before he has actually his real dreams.
His Career Path
As mentioned in the first paragraph, APJ Abdul Kalam had started his career at DRDO as a scientist in 1958, after getting his degree from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1957. Before this, during early 1960’s he used work under a famous space scientist Vikram Sarabhai in association with INCOSPAR. He had designed a hovercraft at the DRDO. He then visited in some of the most renowned places like Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland; NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia; and Wallops Flight Facility in 1963-64. All these visits inspired him to work independently towards a project known as expandable rocket project at DRDO in the year 1965. After his transfer at ISRO, he served as the director of the project SLV-III which is considered as India’s first indigenously created and manufactured satellite launch vehicle.
His started the execution of his plan to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) began in the year 1970 which finally became a successful project and was launched on 20th September 1993. In 1980s Kalam got down with a very important project, IGMDP, an Indian Ministry of Defence programme that was being executed with the help of DRDO in association with other organisations of the Government body. APJ Abdul Kalam was requested to take hold of the project which finally led him to come back at DRDO and finally successfully executed the project. This project had earned a huge support of the political parties and thus gave rise to four more projects namely, low-level surface-to-air missile. Thus he earned the nick name ‘The Missile Man’.
There were series of successful project that was executed by him. He took active part in putting forward several suggestions. The suggestions included a lookout for empowerment of nuclear, innovative ideas for technological development, and ideas about progress in productivity in the agricultural sector for achieving the goal. Finally in the year 2002, APJ Abdul Kalam was nominated for the post of President of India by National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which was backed by both the Nationalist Congress Party and Samajwadi Party. Thus, he won the maximum vote in the elections and secured the position successfully. APJ Abdul Kalam took over the office of President with the tag of becoming the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002, thereby becoming the first ever bachelor and a scientist to make a place Rashtrapati Bhawan. He has also won a gamut of prestigious awards which marks him as the most prominent figure in India.
APJ Abdul Kalam Books
Wings of Fire: An Autobiography: APJ Abdul Kalam With Arun Tiwari
2020 – A Vision for the New Millenium: APJ Abdul Kalam With YS Rajan
Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal Transformation: APJ Abdul Kalam With A Sivathanu Pillai
Ignited Minds: Unleashing The Power Within India: APJ Abdul Kalam
My Journey: APJ Abdul Kalam
Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology: R Narasimha and APJ Abdul Kalam
The Luminous Sparks: A biography in verse and colours: APJ Abdul Kalam
Mission India: A Vision for Indian Youth: APJ Abdul Kalam with YS Rajan
Children Ask Kalam: Children and APJ Abdul Kalam
Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of life: APJ Abdul Kalam with Arun K Tiwari
Inspiring Thoughts: by APJ Abdul Kalam
APJ Abdul Kalam Quotes
- Excellence is a continuous process and not an accident.
- End is not the end, if fact E.N.D. means “Effort Never Dies”
- It is very easy to defeat someone, but it is very hard to win someone.
- For me, there are two types of people: the young and the experienced.
- Dream, Dream Dream, Dreams transform into thoughts. And thoughts result in action.