Christianity, It was founded by Jesus Christ who was born as a Jew in Bethlehem in the 4th century Bc to Virgin Mary.
It was believed that Jesus possesses extraordinary supernatural powers. His growing popularly alarmed some Jewish priests and they conspired against him and succeeded in getting him crucified Jesus was resurrected on the third day after his crucifixion.
He lived on earth for another 40 days and then ascended to heaven. The old testament gives an account of the incidents preceding and succeeding his birth. Christianity was made the state religion in the 4th century AD.
Saint Thomas visited India during the reign of Gondophernes. He propagated Christianity in the region of Malakar coastal region. Since then Christianity developed in India. Later on many Christian missions came to India, but Christianity mainly developed under British rule.
Like the Jews, Christians believe in monotheism and believe that God is the creator of the world.
- Jesus Christ was known as the chosen servant of God or the Messiah.
- Christianity considers the Holy Trinity composed of the father, the son and the Holy Spirit.
- Christians see Jesus as continuous with the God of Judaism.
Importance of Christianity
- Supremacy of Church
- Opposition of Idolatry
- Equality and Fraternity
- Introspection and Belief
- Purify of Soul
- Belief in Jesus
Holy Scriptures of Christians
Bible is the holy book of Christians which contains a collection of writings dating from 9th century BC to 1st century AD written in different languages like new Aramaic, Greek and English. The Bible is divided into the ‘Old Testament’ with 46 books and the ‘New Testament’ with 27 books. The Old Testament contains information about the creation of the world and is written in the Hebrew text. The New Testament centers around the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Sects and Facts of Christianity
On the basis of religious reforms, there emerged two main sects of Christianity.
Catholic refers to the members, practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Sometimes the term Catholic is used to distinguish them from Calvinist, Puritan or Reformed Protestantism. Pope is the head of Catholic churches. Catholics believe more in Pope as compared to the Bible.
It encompasses the forms of Christian faith and Practice that originated with the doctrine of the reformation. The word protestant is derived from the Latin ‘Protestantio’ meaning ‘declaration’.
Martin Luther of 16th century Germany was the founder of Protestantism.
Protestants believe that to be a good human being it is not necessary to believe in God.