Buddhism as a religion and philosophy encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings of Buddha. Buddhism facts are interesting to know and pretty helpful if we follow the preaching.
Interesting Buddhism facts:
- Buddhism also called as ‘Bauddha Dharma’ is referred to “Way of Buddha” or “Religion of the Buddha”’, which means accepting and putting in practice the teachings of the enlightened one.
- Buddhism is a nontheistic religion ( meaning not dependent from the non- belief or belief of God); Mahayana tradition is treated polytheistic.
- Buddhism was founded in between India and Nepal i.e.,the north-eastern part of India.
- The two major categories of the Buddhism are Mahayana (meaning The Great Vehicle) and Theravada (meaning The School of the Elders).
- The followers of Buddhism revere Fig tree, as it declared that Gautama Buddha got enlightened under Fig tree.
- It is evident that Gautama Buddha is the founder of Buddhism. (He himself confirmed that there had been many enlightened ones in the past and in future also there will be many; Anyways the teachings of Buddhism as on today’s date is widely planted on the teachings of the Gautama Buddha).
- Buddhism explains that the ‘Middle Way’ is the ultimate way towards liberation. Neither too much of asceticism nor too much worldliness are good to one’s spiritual improvement.
- Tripitaka (3 baskets) is considered the most important text of Buddhism, it has 3 volumes – Abhidhamma Pitaka, Vinaya Pitaka, and Sutta Pitaka.
- Buddha is one who is purified and perfected and has no more hankerings and hence no more births.
- The sacred places of Buddhists are Viharas, wherein they meditate, worship, read scriptures, attend lectures and discuss.
- Inside the Viharas, Visitors are not allowed to wear shoes.
- Full moon day is a sacred day, particularly the Buddha Purnima (celebrated as the birthday of Buddha), and is the same day where he got enlightened and Death (Nirvana and Parinirvana).
- Incense sticks and Candles are lit during worship, they represent light (knowledge).
- (This is an interesting one among all Buddhism facts)The main objective of Life is to achieve liberation from the cycle of birth and death which is the reason for suffering.
- Pali is the original languages of the Buddhist scriptures, it is also the language used during Buddha’s period.
Interesting Numbers associated with Buddhism
- Buddhism was founded in the Sixth Century BC (i.e., during 528 BC-448 BC).
- Buddhism occupies fourth place in relation to religion by population after Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism.
- In human life, there is suffering, and there is a solution to put an end to suffering.
- Nothing in this creation has anything inborn in nature, and hence there is blankness.
Important Aspects/ Beliefs of Buddhism :
Three Jewels of Buddhism:
Four Noble Truths
- There is suffering
- There is Origin of Suffering
- There is a permanent end to suffering
- The path of Ending Suffering
Noble Eightfold Path to end suffering
Eightfold living and habitats that enable one boost above suffering:
- Right action
- Right effort
- Right speech: Speaking in a truthful way.
- Right understanding or viewing: Viewing reality by understanding it and not by judging as it appears to be..
- Right concentration
- Right livelihood
- Right intention; Intention of purity and thought.
- Right mindfulness
The iterative cycle of death and birth is Samsaara. It is believed that if one dies then he/she will take birth in the psychological and physical domains repetitively because of his/her lack of knowledge.
Every action whether physical or mental leads to some fruitful result. Whatever we think of will turn out to be fruitful in different phases of life or the next lives. Thought is like a seed and is destined to germinate.
Birth is not the starting point and death is not the final stage of a human. Birth and death are just temporary events. Whoever dies will be born in another form until and unless he/she gets freed from all ignorances and obtains the peak position of Complete Liberation.
6 Realms of Existence of Life by Buddhism
- Human beings: Form of life where liberation is possible.
- Animals: these are lower forms of life. Unlike humans, they don’t have an abled nervous system and brain to attain enlightenment.
- Naraka beings: Beings of many types of hells.
- Asuras: Demons or Daityas; these lack whiteness of intelligence yet powerful and galvanized by passion.
- Preta: Ghosts which sometimes live among humans, but mostly invisible.
- Devas: These are pure spirits, angels, demi-gods and deities. But to an extent these are still constrained by samsaara.
Four Honors and Practices of Buddhists for their attainment
- Empathetic joy and
It is the way of alteration away from the two apexes of self-mortification and self-indulgence.
Three Marks of Existence:
12 Interdependent (Nidanas) causes of Suffering:
- Avidya : Avidya means Ignorance, this refers to lack of knowledge of the nature of reality.
- Saṃskara: Samskara means formations, Previously created formations of the mind such as conditioning, volitional formations, dispositions, and fabrications.
- Vijnana: Vijnana relates to discernment or discrimination; though it is a good is also the cause of suffering when mixes up with other causes
- Nama-rupa: This is related to name and form; mind and body.
- Ṣaḍayatana: This illustrates six sense bases such as ear, eye,nose, body, tongue, and mind.
- Sparsha: Sparsha means touch or contact; stimulation or impression.
- Vedana: Vedana means feeling or sensation.
- Trsna: Trsna means thirst or desire
- Upadana: Upadana means Attachment; grasping or clinging.
- Bhava: Bhava means becoming, status of existence or being.
- Jati : Jati means birth.
- Jaramaraṇa : this means aging and death.
All creation is without self-nature in its truest form, which means things will be short of built-in objectivity, built-in referentiality, built-in reality or built-in identity. Falling short of such static elemental or essential does not make them not exist, it makes them completely relative.
Is the end of all suffering, the cessation of desire. The state of enlightenment achieved by the purified spiritual seekers.
Five rules of behaviour of a Buddhist
- To stay away from violence(means Ahimsa) towards cognizant life forms.
- To avoid from accepting that which is not offered.
- To desist from sensual misconduct.
- To speak truth always and never lie.
- To cease from alcoholic drinks which leads to destitution of mindfulness (like alcohols, drugs etc).
28 Buddhas in Buddhism
There are 28 Buddhas which includes Gautama Buddha wherein the Buddhists pay respect to and revere, They are the Buddhas of the past who taught Dharma to multitude just like Gautama Buddha.
- Kassapa/ Kashyapa
Buddhism Facts of Five Dhyani Buddhas
- Amoghasiddhi Buddha – means almighty conqueror
- Amitabha Buddha – means infinite light
- Ratnasambhava Buddha – means jewel-born one
- Akshobhaya Buddha – means immovable one and
- Vairochana Buddha – means embodiment of life.